Mathematical Modelling of Physiological Flows, 13 (5) (2018), art. nr. 43, 16pp.
10.1051/mmnp/2018045

The recruitment of leukocytes and subsequent rolling, activation, adhesion and transmigration are essential stages of an inflammatory response. Chronic inflammation may entail atherosclerosis, one of the most devastating cardiovascular diseases. Understanding this mechanism is of crucial importance in immunology and in the development of anti-inflammatory drugs. Micropipette aspiration experiments show that leukocytes behave as viscoelastic drops during suction. The flow of non-Newtonian viscoelastic fluids can be described by differential, integral and rate-type constitutive equations. In this study, the rate-type Oldroyd-B model is used to capture the viscoelasticity of the leukocyte which is considered as a drop. Our main goal is to analyze a mathematical model describing the deformation and flow of an individual leukocyte in a microchannel flow. In this model we consider a coupled problem between a simplified Oldroyd-B system and a transport equation which describes the density considered as non constant in the Navier–Stokes equations. First we present the mathematical model and we prove the existence of solution, then we describe its numerical approximation using the level set method. Through the numerical simulations we analyze the hemodynamic effects of three inlet velocity values. We note that the hydrodynamic forces pushing the cell become higher with increasing inlet velocities.

CEMAT - Center for Computational and Stochastic Mathematics